The Randstad Foundation in collaboration with Randstad Research, analyzed the contribution of talents of people with disabilities to the labor market and the opportunity that training in new technologies and their integration into a labor market represents for people with disabilities in transformation.
The integration of people with disabilities into the labor market means for companies an additional alternative to obtain professionals with the necessary preparation and skills. According to the latest data published by INE, in the second quarter of 2022 there were more than 145,000 vacancies, a figure that has been growing steadily since 2019.
University students registered with disabilities increase by 4.5%
Access to university studies for people with disabilities marks their evolution in the labor market. In fact, this group significantly improves their employment and unemployment rates when they access higher education As indicated in a previous note on the employability of people with disabilities and their level of training.
If we look at the number of students enrolled in the college, people with disabilities have continued to grow and in the 2020-2021 academic year there were already 23,581 enrolled, ie 4.5% more than those registered the previous year.
In the past lesson, 43% of students with disabilities chose Social and Legal Sciences (8,582 students), followed STEM studies to which 24% of students (4,749 students) opted. In other words, the majority of students with disabilities choose the careers most in demand by companies.
In 2020, according to INE data, there were 1.9 million people with disabilities of working age (between 16 and 64), of whom 664,000 were active. By level of education, 63% of working disabled people have secondary education and 27% have university education.
According to the report The future of jobs (FEM), In Spain, 93% of companies will accelerate the digitization of their work processes and 64% will increase work automation. This process will lead to the disappearance or transformation of many jobs and the appearance of new ones. What is certain is that the professions of the future will be more automatic and digital, but will require more human or transversal skills such as creativity, adaptability or emotional intelligence. As it appears from the report Supercapacitors and functional diversity. New job prospects, people with disabilities develop certain aptitudes and skills that are suitable for certain profiles or jobs and constitute a differentiating factor for this group in the current labor market.
Vacancies in education and health can be filled by people with disabilities
In recent years, companies have struggled to fill positions and the number of vacancies has been steadily growing and exceeded 145,000 vacancies in the second quarter of 2022. As the following graph shows, 56% of companies are having difficulty filling new positions. This percentage varies according to the sector considered, the sectors most in difficulty being engineering, health, education, marketing and communication which exceed 70%.
Could unemployed people with disabilities be a valid option for companies when it comes to filling their vacancies? This group has sufficient skills and minimum training levels to fill these vacancies. In Spain, as of December 31, 2021, the number of unemployed persons with disabilities registered, according to the SEPE, was 144,931, of whom almost 60% had secondary or higher education.
By university degree, and selecting the branches of knowledge that have the highest volume of disabled unemployed according to the SEPE, 12% of the unemployed (17,000 people) could cover various vacancies in the sectors where they have the most difficulty finding professional profiles.
In such a way that, if we cross-reference the sectors having the greatest difficulty in finding talent, with the unemployed with disabilities by branch of knowledge, We can see how many unemployed people can fill vacancies in the sectors that need it the most. Thus, we find, for example, how unemployed disabled professionals in STEM branches could face vacancies in various sectors such as IT, telecommunications or engineering.
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