The World Day for Decent Work, celebrated on October 7, took place without pain or glory, despite the sum of the two issues that the concept brings into play. Perhaps because all this institutional paraphernalia of the world days tires, undermines the morale and often ends up creating a certain skepticism, but cynicism: a lot of daylight and few nuts. On the contrary, it serves to raise awareness and refresh the memory with the reports that germinate in its warmth.
This year attracted attention, for example, from Kalamazoo, a half-century-old office supply sales and distribution company that wanted to know what mood its products were in. Its study on decent work revealed that the 77% of citizens consider that workers do not have decent work, although 63% say they currently do. Do you see the speck in someone else’s eye and not the ray with which yours bears? Perhaps the more immediate outlook reinforces a rather accommodating nation’s motto: “Virgencita, virgencita, let me stay as I am.” It’s not Adam Smith but we understand each other…
Although the really complicated part of any analysis of the concept in question is to fix its content. According to the report, 39% of the population define decent work as work remunerated according to the tasks and responsibilities within the company, while 29% define it as one where fundamental rights as a worker are respected, 22%, as one that makes it possible to reconcile professional and personal life, and 10%, as having a high salary that allows you to live comfortably.
In any case, there is no doubt that we will get worse: the majority of citizens questioned believe that the working conditions of young people have worsened over the past 20 years: 82% consider that they have fewer possibilities of finding a decent job and 76% that they have poorer working conditions. In addition, 63% believe that decent working conditions in Spain will not improve over the next five years.
Men more optimistic than women
Men are slightly more optimistic than women (42% versus 32%). This may be linked to the following figure: 71% of the population believe that equal pay between men and women has not yet been achieved in Spain, although this figure is increasing. up to 80% for womenwhile only 62% of men think so.
Another of the data highlighted in the study indicates that while for 38% of citizens reconciling work and family life is the most relevant aspect when choosing a job, 11% fundamentally value the work environment. And the aspect that most worries 58% of citizens at work is that the company does not respect the conditions and benefits agreed upon when hiring, compared to 24% who focus their fear on dismissal and 18% who fear that they will not be able to progress in their professional career.
A step further, that of the consequences, gives the report ‘Global Workforce of the Future 2022’, from the Adecco group, with data on the perceptions of the work of workers in 25 countries in which it operates, including Spain. Its main conclusion is that more than a quarter (27%) of workers worldwide will leave their jobs in the next 12 months and 45% of them are already applying for new positions and/or interviewing for others. jobs. . In Spain, we are a little more conservative – barely 25% want to change jobs next year -, but also more far-sighted: 51% are already actively applying for other positions and interviewing recruiters and employers.
The salary This is the main reason why people change jobs. In Spain, more than half, 55% of employees surveyed (45% international average), say they will leave their job in the next 12 months to get a higher salary. Only half of global workers and 44% of Spanish workers are satisfied with how their compensation reflects their experience and skills, hours worked and performance.
Moreover, the outlook is not rosy at all. 61% of respondents globally and 64% in Spain say they are concerned that their salary is not high enough to keep up with rising inflation rates. Additionally, 45% of Spanish workers say the impact of inflation has made them consider looking for a second job.
And worse than things can get. We have already dealt here with the tendency of the Great Renunciation, but before making a radical decision as to his employment, the worker must be very aware of what is coming. A report by Solunion, a credit insurance, surety and services company associated with commercial risk management, concludes that corporate insolvencies in September 2022 saw the largest increase in that month in September 2022. over the past 10 years. There was a total 718 bankruptcies, 90.5% more than in the same period of 2021, reaching a cumulative figure in 2022 of 4,237 contests presented.
Even if it is necessary to qualify. The study explains that, until May, we were in an “anaesthetized” situation in the presentation of competitions, with a cumulative annual rate of -7.3%. However, from June this trend changed, with the percentage growth occurring during this quarter until reaching a cumulative growth of +11.1% in September.
The World Day for Decent Work is also promoted by the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), created on November 1, 2006 and headquartered in Brussels. Its main objective is to ensure respect for the fundamental rights of workers, promoted by the International Labor Organization (ILO). It currently represents some 207 million workers in more than 163 countries. The current role of trade unions in improving working conditions involves deeper analysis (and more drastic decisions) than rolling out reports. But that’s another question.