Progress for women in tech fields is a bit slower than during the pandemic, but still steady. A worldwide study by Deloitte assures that will represent 33% of the IT workforce in large multinationals this year2% more than in 2019. And in technical roles they will be 25%.
Although the perception persists that the tech world is more masculine, gradually not only the classrooms in which STEM careers are taught, but also applications for IT vacancies, are filling up with women.
This is according to the nearshore technology solutions company, BairesDev, which conducted a study of its own talent pool: in the million applications it receives each year for the positions it offers around the world. , they noticed a 400% growth in female applicants over the past 5 years.
In other words, by analyzing the profiles received to fill their own vacancies between 2015 and 2021, they discovered that the number of female applications rose from 11% to 41% (with a peak of 52% in mid-2021), and not only that, but those of Argentina and Latin America come out on top if the sample is analyzed by region.
Women in IT according to BairesDev
BairesDev’s “Women in Tech 2022” study indicates that female candidates represent on average 40% of all candidates for technical and non-technical positions.
Likewise, he details that female talent applies up to three times more to positions related to SharePoint and testing, compared to other technologies.
Women in IT: They will make up 33% of the tech workforce at major IT companies
Xamarin, IOs, and Android saw increases of 13%, 9%, and 8%, respectively, in the period studied. This signals women’s interest in mobile development in 2021.
The peak of female participation is among young women: women in their twenties make up about 40% of all applications in this age bracket.
In the group of candidates between 40 and 49 years old, women represent approximately 37%, which indicates that the company is increasingly interested in management or management positions.
Latin women in IT
With 45% of the total candidates, Latin America tops the ranking of regions in terms of percentage of women that apply to BairesDev.
Among the countries most affected are Argentina, Uruguay, Honduras, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Brazil, Colombia and Panama. In fact, Argentina, Uruguay and Honduras have higher female candidacies than the 2020 world average (latest data available).
Asked about it by iProfesional, Rocío Belfiore, Chief Innovation Officer at BairesDev, mentioned that “Argentina is one of the countries in the region that has established itself as a technology hub, like Brazil and Uruguay, providing qualified bilingual talent.”
Women in IT: Increasingly applying for technical positions, especially for mobile technology development
She confirmed that in Argentina, bairesDev sees an upward trend in the number of female candidates since 2015. During this year, women represented 18% of all applications from the country, then there were peaks of 50% in 2017 and 54% in 2019. In 2020 and 2021, 45% of Argentine applicants were women..
“The increase in the number of female applications can be attributed to the various public and private sector initiatives aimed at increasing the presence of women in STEM fields”, analyzed the expert, mentioning that BairesDev also applies principles and tools to ensuring diversity in selection processes, which may be another factor influencing these results.
“The increase in the number of Argentine applicants can also be linked to the growing interest in the technology industry. This is due to the great growth opportunities in the sector, access to competitive salaries and the possibility of working for international companies,” Belfiore said.
“Other regions known for their ‘tech hubs’ (including Ukraine, Eastern Europe, India and Southeast Asia) lag far behind, with only about half of the proportion of female candidates, compared to leading countries in Latin America, such as Argentina or Uruguay,” reads the BairesDev report.
With these data, the digital development multinational concludes that public and private initiatives to promote the incorporation of women in technology in these Latin American countries “They work”.
“Other factors that contribute to this result are that, for example, many companies in developed countries take advantage of their favorable exchange rate to recruit tech talent from Latin America. This practice has turned this field into a very well paid alternative. for all types of professionals,” they add.
Latin American countries lead the ranking of female candidates for IT jobs
And for other countries in the region, such as Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua and El Salvador, analysts add the cost of talent in those locations, cultural similarities, time zone alignment with the United States – the largest technological market – and the mastery of the English language by professionals. In the Caribbean, they point out, they are also launching programs to close the gender gap in technology that will have an effect in the future.
Women in IT: what is happening in Argentina?
The latest data available from the monitoring carried out jointly by the government of the city of Buenos Aires and the job portal Bumeran, dates from the last quarter of 2021. Until then, the female applications for vacancies in IT were 30.3% in this district, as they constituted 49.2% of the total requests posted on the aforementioned platform.
In the fourth quarter of the year, women’s participation in technology decreased compared to the previous quarter (32.2%) and compared to the same quarter of 2020 (33.4%). Bumeran clarified that this was due to an increase in the number of male applicants applying for these positions, not a decline in female applicants.
However, female applications for technical positions in Bumeran increased by 4.8 points between 2018 and 2021from 25.5% in the fourth quarter of 2018 to 30.3% in the third quarter of 2021.
The report shows that women make up around 31% of applicants for senior and semi-senior tech positions, but only 22% when it comes to boss, supervisor, etc. positions. “There is a growing trend of female participation in applications for IT ads. It is also pointed out that the the participation of women decreases less than the general average with increasing seniority work,” said Carolina Molinaro, Marketing Manager at Jobint.
And she specified that the participation of women in computer research in Argentina is higher in the youngest age groups: 35% of applications from 19-24 year olds, 35% from 24-29 year olds, 28% from 30 years. and 40 years old, and only 19% of those over 40 years old.
The older the candidate and the higher the seniority of the position offered, the fewer female applications are received in IT.
Women in IT: Key Barriers and Solutions
Consulted in this regard, the sources mention several obstacles that prevent the development of female vocations for technological disciplines.
Contrary to what happens in large companies in the sector, the aforementioned Deloitte report ensures that it is harder to achieve talent diversity in small and medium-sized businesses, which very occasionally measure and report these metrics. They have less structure and status to attract talent, and they don’t set diversity goals.
On the other hand, the BairesDev report mentions another well-known phenomenon that affects professionals in all sectors: “the women suffer from gender differences in their self-perception to meet the requirements of a position. They tend to feel less qualified than men when applying for jobs, especially jobs typically associated with men.”
According to Molinaro, in Argentina, this is changing: “Today there are already fewer people who believe that there are jobs or careers that should be studied by women or men. Although ‘there is still a long way to go, today more and more people are clear that a truly egalitarian and prejudice-free society is the basis for all to develop their true vocations.
“We see that the new generations of women are increasingly turning to careers that were once considered masculine. The IT sector is an example of this, the faculties of these careers have many more women and this has been seen for years in the world of work,” Jobint’s marketing manager told iProfesional.
“The availability of candidates is one of the first gaps we need to overcome, for which it is necessary to attract women’s interest in STEM roles through specialized programs,” Belfiore said.
“Stereotypes and biases towards women in tech present a challenge to achieving parity. Recruitment and selection processes must focus on attracting diverse talent, as well as ensuring everyone has the same opportunities, regardless of gender, nationality, age, among other characteristics,” the director of BairesDev suggested.
She also pointed out that in her opinion, the initiatives of public and private entities aimed at increasing the participation of women in the sector contribute to reducing the gender gap, in addition to providing new opportunities for female talent.
Some of the practices to increase the hiring of women in BairesDev are, for example, their Sponsorship Program, which pays more for the successful recruitment of female talent. Additionally, a program called Giveback for associate the organization with NGOs dedicated to the representation of women in the sector.
Deloitte suggests some mass practices during the pandemic that can help attract and retain female talent, such as remote or work-from-anywhere models, as well as broaden the search for talent beyond the distance with the arrival at the office.