In one of dozens of buildings in Mexico City, Abel Herrera was about to finish a grid for a concrete slab. He was about to attach a rod, but as he lifted it to make a splice, the tip of this section of metal touched an electrical power distribution cable. The current ran through his body, from his left hand to the tip of his right foot.
Abel Herrera was urgently transferred to the Magdalena de las Salinas Hospital, in the town hall of Gustavo A. Madero. Herrera was hospitalized for several weeks in the burns unit. One day he ran away. Abel Herrera did not even have Social assurance Nor with money to pay the bill. He didn’t have a birth certificate either.
Abel Herrera is one of more than 31,000 occupational accidents that have occurred on average in the last 10 years in this industry and more than 1,500 that result in permanent disability and that make construction one of the most dangerous in Mexico.
The construction workersaccompanied by drivers from motorized transport land workers, employees of food and beverage companies, cooks and those dedicated to the sale of fuel and specialized contractors are among the 10 most dangerous jobs in Mexico.
If we consider the number of deaths for each profession, the statistics of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) and the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare (STPS) recall that the 10 most dangerous jobs are:
The construction is followed by:
- Construction of buildings and civil engineering works, with an average of 185 fatalities over the past 10 years.
- Public administration and social security services, with 173.
- Land transport, with 146.
- Professional and technical services, with 102.
- Sale of food, beverages and tobacco, with 60.
- Agrifood, with 50.
- Purchase and sale of raw materials, materials and auxiliaries, with 40.
- Purchase and sale of gas, fuels and lubricants, with 39.
- Work carried out by specialized companies, with 35.
- Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment, with 33.
Based on the annual average of accidents over the past 10 years, the list is led by buying and selling in self-service stores with 31,343, followed by construction with 31,915, professional services and techniques with 26,036 and buying and selling food. with 25,464.
The construction workers They are the ones who work in the most difficult conditions. From 2012 to 2021, the IMSS recorded the deaths of 1,846 people. While over the past two years the number of deaths has dropped significantly, with 96 cases in 2020 and 74 in 2021, the average over the past 10 years is 185.
Also in the past 10 years, they have ranked third in terms of cases of work-related illness resulting in permanent disability, with 294 and first place in terms of occupational accidents resulting in death and first place in terms of accidents at work resulting in permanent incapacity. disability.
In 2020 alone, one of the lowest record years of the decade, construction workers had 2.0 Work accident per 100 workers and 0.7 deaths per 10,000 workers, which places them respectively at seven and two places. Likewise, it ranks second in terms of permanent disabilities due to occupational accidents per 1,000 workers.
In 2020, employees of self-service stores They rank first in terms of occupational accidents with a rate of 2.7 cases per 100 workers, followed by food sales with 2.5 and cooks with 2.3.
With regard to permanent disabilities caused by accidents at work, first place went to workers in the metal products industry, excluding machinery and equipment, with a rate of 1.7 per 1,000, followed by those in the construction industry with 1.3 and ground transportation and food processing with 1.2. in both cases.
In terms of deaths due to accidents at work, the first place goes to those of ground transportation industrywith 1.8 per 10,000 workers, followed, as noted by those in the construction industry and in third place those in public administration and social security services with 0.5% and fourth place is shared by those of the sale of food products, beverages and tobacco, purchase and sale of raw materials, materials and auxiliaries and manufacture of metal products, with the exception of machinery and equipment with 0.4%.
Permanent disability due to accidents
If we look at the data according to the number of permanent disabilities due to accidents at work, the list is dominated by construction workers with an annual average of 1,578 cases from 2012 to 2021, followed by those dedicated to construction. agri-food with 864 and those of the product manufacturing sector metal mechanics with 839 in the same period.
As for accidents resulting in death, the list is dominated by construction, with an average of 155 per year, land transport 132 and professional services with 68.
With regard to occupational diseases resulting in permanent disability, over the past 10 years, the list is headed by metallurgical industry basic with an annual average of 688, followed by the mining and exploitation of metallic minerals with 388 and the mining of mineral coal and graphite and non-metallic minerals except salt with 311.
Accident at Pemex
During the first half of 2022 Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex) presented a significant setback in terms of industrial safety by recording an increase in its accident frequency and severity rates compared to the same period in 2021.
According to the analysis of the results in the second quarter of 2022 “Pemex in the spotlightled by the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (imco), the company recorded the highest accident levels for a period from January to June in the last 5 years.
In the first half of 2022, the company’s accident frequency and severity rates increased by 30.3% and 50.0% respectively compared to the same period in 2021.
The frequency rate and severity rate of accidents at Petróleos Mexicanos recorded significant declines in the first six months of 2022 compared to the same period in 2021.
The frequency rate increased by 30.3%, from 0.31 accident per million working hours (MMhh) worked with exposure to risk between January 1 and June 30, 2021, to 0.40 incident per MMhh over the same period in 2022.
For its part, the severity rate increased by 50%, going from 14 days lost (per MMhh) in the first half of 2021 to 21 days lost over the same period of 2022.
As reported in Pemex’s Q2 2022 Earnings Report, during Q2 2022, the cumulative frequency rate of Pemex staff Pemex it stood at 0.43 accidents per million hours worked with exposure to risk, a figure 22.9% higher than that recorded in the same quarter of the previous year.
The Productive and Corporate Subsidiaries sectors that contributed to the accident rate during the first quarter of 2022 are: Pemex Industrial Transformation with 18 workers injured; Corporate Pemex with eight injuries; Pemex Exploration and Production with six injuries; and Pemex Logística with four injuries.