Finding a job in the province of Córdoba is not easy and many people are forced to leave to work. However, there are also workers who, due to work circumstances, have jobs in neighboring provinces, such as Seville or Malaga, and come and go daily.
Be that as it may, and depending on each person’s work circumstances, what is certain is that in total 85,963 residents of Córdoba found work last year outside the province. This is one of the figures from the publication Basic mobility data, which contains a summary of the main indicators of geographical mobility of workers in Spain, based on the analysis of all employment contracts concluded throughout the year. This report is also part of the line of work that the Professions Observatory in order to publicize this phenomenon in the Spanish labor market and complements the information provided quarterly on the website of the Public State Employment Service (SEPE).
The data also shows that 66,540 people arrived in Cordoba other provinces of Spain with an employment contract signed in fiscal year 2021, so the balance is negative at 19,423.
But where do the people of Cordoba go to work? Well, according to the same data, throughout 2021 the main province of destination was Sevillewhere they were recorded until 22,723 contracts. It is a trend used by many Cordovans who, for example, work in large companies located in the capital of Seville or who, for example, hold a position as a public employee in a department of the regional administration and who prefer come and go from Monday to Friday instead of living there, given the rail links that exist.
After Seville, the province of Malaga appears, with a total of 12,042 employment relationships signed throughout the 2021 financial year by residents of Cordoba. After her, Jaén, with 11,090, Madrid, with 7,206 and Badajoz, with 3,972.
On the opposite side are people arriving in Cordoba with a contract under his arm. For the most part, 37.2% are from Sevilla, with a total of 24,801 contracts. Jaén follows, with 8,228 contracts, Málaga, 6,227, Granada, with 3,595 and Huelva, with 3,326.
The study also shows that in the case of the provinces of Cordoba and Granada, both remain among the five in Spain with the most worker-owned radio stations, but he also acknowledges that “they have moderated this profile over the past year”.
Interprovincial mobility profile
Another of the aspects included in the aforementioned SEPE study relates to the profile of interprovincial mobility. In the case of the province of Córdoba, more men are leaving the province to work or they get a contract as women; 58,358 against 27,605 (the mobility rates are respectively 16.84% and 11.35%). There are also more men coming to Córdoba to work, with a ratio of 48,961 to 17,579 women.
By age, People between the ages of 30 and 45 are the largest group of people from Cordoba who obtain a contract outside the province, since they total 34,074. In second place are those under 30, since throughout the last year 29,345 people from Cordoba have left work in another province of Spain. The group of over 45s also leaves Córdoba to be able to work and, in this case, 22,544 people left last year.
The Level of education is another of the elements included in the study and indicates that among those leaving Cordoba, the majority, up to 41,887 -almost half- have only primary education, while 21,283 have completed compulsory secondary education . For their part, 9,139 Cordovans who went to work abroad had a higher education cycle, while 8,649 had a higher education diploma, such as a university degree.
The professional groups They are very diverse, but they show that half of the inhabitants of Cordoba who leave the province do so to take up unskilled jobs, that is 43,348 contracts signed in 2021. The service sector, for its part, brought together 10,565 people of Córdoba, who have signed employment contracts to work in catering, personal services, protection and commercial sales. In third position is the group of technicians and scientific professionals, since there were 7,113 Cordovans who left their place of birth to work abroad.
And linked to these professional groups, the last element of the study includes the economic sectors in which the Cordovans who leave work. In this case, the agriculture won almost half of the contracts, with a total of 42,988. And it is that agriculture, according to the State Public Employment Service in this report, has “a strong presence in the south and the center of the peninsula as well as in the provinces of the northeast quadrant”.
In this case, the flow destinations with the highest proportion of agricultural contracts are Murcia, Alicante, Albacete, Córdoba, Almería and Huelva. Also, the flows with the highest number of contracts occur between Alicante and Murina, Cordoba and Seville, and Murcia and Almería, all in both directions.
After agriculture, the sector appears services, with 32,343 contracts. Construction appears in third position with 6,996 and, in last position, industry with 3,636.