Digitalization and health define the professions of tomorrow

Worry about the future is a constant among students. Choosing the professional branch to study and where are two fundamental decisions that must be made at an early age and that mark their future. In this personal dichotomy, many of them choose, before choosing a job, to read more carefully the studies and reports that analyze the areas that will be most in demand and predict the jobs of tomorrow. In this sense, the International University of Andalusia presented in 2020 the “Study of professional profiles and associated skills”, in which it notes that business, the digital field, health and engineering are the areas with the greatest projection in the years to come.

As expected, all these areas are linked to a digitization process that is progressing by leaps and bounds. The arrival of Covid-19 has accentuated the elimination of paper and its replacement by telematic management and purchasing processes that save time and money. Consequently, the profiles of tomorrow require technical skills allowing them to interact with these technologies and integrate them into their daily lives. Thus, within the ranking, the first position goes to professions related to “big data” and artificial intelligence, two sectors in which engineers and data scientists, developers, consultants and web programmers of languages ​​such as Python or Salesforce work. .

In the digital domain, the importance of digital marketing is also to be highlighted. The emergence of “online” commerce and its growing importance compared to physical stores have forced companies to bet on experts who know how to position brands in the market, create effective “online” advertising campaigns and introduce products on the web that are striking and attractive. to the consumer. According to Linkeding’s Emerging Jobs 2021 in Spain report, last year recruitment related to digital marketer positions increased by 61%.

The aging of the population has fostered an increase in demand for health-related profiles

A wall against “hackers”

Finally, cybersecurity and robotics are two other areas that are in high demand. Increasing levels of digitization are forcing businesses to implement state-of-the-art automation systems and protect against hackers who are able not only to steal money from accounts through identity theft, but also with sufficient technical knowledge to steal the private data of suppliers and customers. . For this reason, national and international companies are betting on creating their own departments in which, again, computer engineering or software engineering students have a lot to say.

Health, an area with potential

The improvement in the quality of life of the population has reduced mortality. According to INE data, in January 2022 Spain had 1,616,314 people aged 85 or over. For its part, the average age continues to rise. Specifically, the Region of Murcia went from an average age of 36.7 years in January 2000 to 41.22 years at the start of this year, a common trend in Spain, where the 39.51 years at the start of the century became 44.7 years this year. year.

The changes in the age pyramid that these figures show, and the appearance of global health problems such as the pandemic, make more than ever essential a large number of health professionals who treat the problems derived from these two factors. This demand has contributed to requiring not only doctors and nurses or biomedical engineers, but also health technicians related to this field, such as laboratory and pharmacy assistants or clinical trial directors, among others.

In this aspect, those focused on mental health cannot be forgotten. The elimination of prejudices about psychologists and psychiatrists and the realization of the importance of their performance in the quality of life of society has also increased a demand which is expected to increase further in the years to come.

Marketing-related hires in Spain increased by 61% last year

The irruption of technology has also affected the educational environment. The digital transformation has forced educational institutions to adapt their subjects to these new fields and to offer students the tools to face a still uncertain professional future. For this reason, memorization has given way to much more practical teaching in which teachers focus on equipping students with skills that encourage them to be independent and proactive and teach them to work in teams and cooperate.

Project-based teaching is an example. Contrary to the old idea of ​​the teacher as the leader of the class, this education transforms him into a kind of guide who directs the students to apply what they have learned through initiatives generally in groups.

This helps to better understand the subject, promotes social skills and motivates students, who stop being passive subjects to become the main protagonists. On the other hand, the methodology is not the only thing that has changed. The classrooms have integrated new electronic tools such as blackboards and electronic tablets, which allow students to have all knowledge at the reach of a “click”.

Students overwhelm the offer

The educational field in the Region of Murcia continues to add students. Last July, the two public universities in the Region recorded a demand for places, both from Murcian students and from other communities, which exceeded the supply of degrees. In this sense, 21,075 students pre-registered, 600 more than last year, who competed for the 7,961 places available. Among these data, it is the UPCT that has increased its number of applications the most, in part thanks to the new titles in its offer, among which the degree in data science and engineering. In the list of most requested courses, medicine continues to be the star, which was the first option in July for 3,973 students, who were competing for just 200 places. This training was followed by Nursing Sciences and the double degree in Mathematics and Physics, which with only 10 places had 103 registrations. For their part, the highest cut-off marks fell on biotechnology, pharmacy, mathematics, medicine, dentistry and the dual degrees of mathematics and computer engineering and mathematics and physics.


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