How jobs will change with new electric mobility

In every industry that undergoes a process of high disruption, there is the creation of new professions and the decline of others that were even thought to be eternal. The mobility is no exceptionand in this context, new professional alternatives are emerging for professionals trained in fields that would a priori have nothing to do with mechanics or transport, and yet they are in demand today.

For this column, I took the liberty of doing a brief overview of who is entering, who -for the moment- is staying, and what occupations are in retreat, or have an expiry horizon.

Perhaps the easiest to enumerate are those related to transition to electromobility and other means of motorizing vehicles (hydrogen, natural gas), both in the development, manufacture and maintenance of storage and motive power sets, and of course with a focus on our territory those concerning the supply networks of the different energy formats.

And energy networks are not the only job-creating networks: the digitization of mobility, in particular systems linked to transport intelligence because an interconnected system has long created new jobs, both in software development, infrastructure construction, sensor development, and low-latency (i.e. ready-to-use) connectivity. address changing environmental challenges as soon as possible). as possible in “real time”).

The strategic planning and execution of both networks also entails new employment opportunities for careers that we consider conventional, in the field of engineering and management, which will have to be on the battle line to maintain the availability of said services at a high level.

In the manufacture of the vehicle itself some opportunities arise that may even be counterfactual: contrary to what happens with a heat engine, due to its lower complexity, there is a much clearer possibility of manufacturing or assembling engine sets regionally (not to mention the case of batteries), so it is possible that more decentralized manufacturing systems with new job opportunitiesalso with regard to the construction of bodywork, even if here the call will be for specialization because the use of alternative materials (aluminum, titanium) and above all of composites, plastics and metals, will undoubtedly grow.

The mechanics will have to adapt to the new eraShutterstock – Shutterstock

Contrary to what one might think, the transition to intelligent mobility and electromobility This will not involve the massive disappearance of jobs, but the relocation of certain functions and some changes in the operation of existing equipment.

There are activities that will have minimal changes or require greater specialization (and therefore grant greater chances of entry): At the moment, there are no plans for levitating cars or smart materials that repair themselves, so tire supply and maintenance activities will hardly change.and until self-driving models are further developed, we may continue to have accidents and therefore have to resort to professional sheet metal and painting.

The vehicles of the future still have suspensions and brakes. It is true that the electric variants use friction braking much less, and therefore the wear of its elements, but in general, repair and maintenance activities of the front and rear axles will continue to be necessary. Also so called “automotive electricity”It seems like a paradox in the world of battery-powered cars, but lighting systems, battery backup, in-flight entertainment, etc., continue to require the support of ever more sophisticated circuits of cables. power and data.

Ultimately, It’s not entirely clear that we’re about to experience a mass extinction of combustion vehicle mechanics, but a prolonged process over time.where certain formulas such as synthetic fuels with low overall emissions, or the direct combustion of hydrogen could constitute a strong extension to the maintenance and repair of these engines, and of course there remains a large universe of heavy vehicles, classics and even competition that they will not be greatly affected by advancing emissions regulations, so their demise will take not years but decades.

On another side, Those who could be at risk in the short term are the drivers of vehicles, be they taxis, coach houses or larger vehicles such as vans.. On-demand rental systems and why not, autonomous driving, strongly question the need to depend on the human factor on certain journeys. As for the heavier modalities, such as trucks or buses, it is very likely that the transition will be a little slower, even if, as the automation systems for metro trains have already shown, it is possible to entrust the transporting many humans to a robotic system. and smart.

The objective of this column is of course not to sow panic, but rather to provide a perspective that collaborates with the forecast of talent training objectives in the face of this new panorama. I honestly believe that the mobility industry, especially in our country, can be optimistic about the development of its workforce as long as it is planned with an eye on the medium and long term.. We know this requires consensus building and, above all, strong and positive business, labor and government leaders, another opportunity to seize the opportunity that should not be missed.

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