From now on, these actions will take place in the olive groves of Extremadura, the Valencian Community and Castile-La Mancha, in addition to continuing in the Andalusian region. “An achievement that also helps us commemorate World Olive Day, which is celebrated every November 26,” according to this organization. Thus, these new farms will serve to continue learning about the biodiversity of the olive grove and its evolution, but also to show the farmers of these Autonomous Communities, and those of other neighboring communities, the advantages brought by an olive-growing model. that works in favor of nature. .
SEO/BirdLife has highlighted that the recovery of the flora and fauna of the olive grove offers a whole series of services, such as the natural control of pests, the improvement of soil fertility or a greater capacity for stormwater storage. But, in addition, it allows the EVOOs produced there to differentiate themselves thanks to the added value provided by the efficient and certified recovery of biodiversity.
Plantation of wood species in Badajoz
The first farm in which these actions began was Valdearenales (Guareña, Badajoz). So far, 750 woody plants of 25 different species have been collected, which are planted in places previously identified by the Action Plan for the recovery of the biodiversity of living olive groves (PARB-OV). For this intervention, in addition, ecological, biodegradable and compostable protectors will be used, as well as natural reeds to support them, thus avoiding the use of petroleum products and the accumulation of waste that generates a negative impact on the environment.
The PARB-OV has been prepared by SEO/BirdLife technicians specifically for this olive grove and, in the coming months, work will be carried out on improving the management of the herbaceous cover and, even, on its diversification through spot sowing. seeds in the streets of the olive grove Finally, wildlife reception structures will be installed, such as nesting boxes, nesting boxes for bats, poles for birds of prey, water fountains or small basins.
Future activities of Olivares Vivos+ in Europe
This work will be carried out, in the same way, through the LIFE Olivares Vivos+, in other farms distributed in some of the main olive-growing regions of the European Union, not only in Spain, but also in Alentejo (Portugal); Tuscany and Lazio (Italy); and Crete and the Peloponnese (Greece). Thus, 16 new farms have been added to the 20 Andalusian demonstration olive groves participating in the initial LIFE Olivares Vivos project.
In addition, three other new farms, located in the provinces of Almería and Granada, will be used to analyze the effect that climate change will have on this olive model. To carry out all these biodiversity restoration actions, teams of experienced workers will participate, promoting the creation of rural jobs.
Biodiversity measures continue
The development of the Living Olive Groves model responds to an operational design that is broken down into several essential phases, the first being a measure of the biodiversity with which the initial flora and fauna are known. Based on the information obtained after this census, the specific PARB-OV is prepared for each farm. Finally, a new measure of biodiversity is carried out to know the evolution of the bioindicators after the actions.
Currently, the new farms are in the start-up phase of the PARB-OV, since the biodiversity measurements carried out in the field, since the spring, by researchers from the University of Jaén and the Experimental Station are quite advanced. (EEZA) of CSIC.
During the development of the ongoing LIFE Olivares Vivos+ project, the 20 demonstration olive groves with which work began in 2015 will continue on the agenda of scientific studies. In fact, from April next year, its biodiversity will be measured again to find out how the Olivares Vivos model behaves in the medium term.