The Government and the Consell de Mallorca remember the prisoners of the Franco regime who carried out forced labor on the roads


The Government and the Council of Mallorca remembered, this Wednesday, the more than 8,000 prisoners of the Franco regime who carried out forced labor to open more than 160 kilometers of motorway in Mallorca.

In a press release, the Department of Democratic Memory reported that the project presented, a pioneer throughout the state, includes the installation of six explanatory panels in the municipalities of Sóller, Calvià, Alcúdia/Pollença, Manacor, Llucmajor and Campos, and Also Road Marks.

The Vice-President of the Government and Minister for Energy Transition, Productive Sectors and Democratic Memory, Juan Pedro Yllanes, and the Minister for Mobility and Infrastructure of the Consell de Mallorca, Iván Sevillano, attended the presentation in the port of Sóller from the signaling project for the roads built in Mallorca under the Franco regime with slave labor.

“It is estimated that more than 8,000 people worked forcibly, in very poor food and work conditions, in the construction of roads, bunkers or machine gun nests throughout the perimeter of the island of Mallorca, between 1936 and 1942, with the objective of strengthening the military defense of the coast, not only after the 1936 coup, but also before a possible landing of Allied troops during World War II,” Yllanes recalled. There were only in Mallorca up to 26 concentration camps.”

Yllanes stressed that it is “the hidden story of the roads that are used daily by thousands of people and it is important that we know the conditions in which they were built, and that we highlight the magnitude of the work system forced that Francoism imposed as part of the reconquest of democratic memory in the Illes”.

For his part, Sevillano explained that with this pioneering initiative, “we show sensitivity towards those who suffered reprisals from the Franco era, forgotten for years”. “They were used to forcibly construct some of the busiest roads on the island, used by thousands of people throughout the year, and they deserve our tribute and our memory.” “The best way not to repeat such tragic events from the past is to remember and not forget,” he said.

The signaling project for the roads built with slave labor during the Franco regime includes six information panels three meters high and 1.5 meters wide that will be located in the municipalities of Sóller, Calvià, Alcúdia/Pollença , Manacor, Llucmajor and Campos, and they remember the history of all these people and the origin of the routes.

The first of these is the one that was installed this morning in Sóller, where the prisoners opened different routes, and is located next to the viewpoint of the Muleta lighthouse, on a road built between 1936 and 1938 by Mallorcan and peninsular prisoners.

In addition, a second panel will be installed in Calvià, near the Es Capdellà labor camp, and three others near the strategic circuit of the MA-6014, the most important section of those built with slave labor in the island, in the municipalities of Llucmajor, Manacor and Campos.

A sixth sign will also be installed on the road between Alcúdia and Puerto de Pollença, since at least seven work camps have been established in this area.

In addition, the government and the Consell will install a total of 60 signs along the 166 kilometers of highway –one at the beginning and another at the end of each road and another every five kilometers–, of which 133 km belong to roads that belong to the Consell and 32.5 kilometers that belong to other administrations.

In this sense, Sevillano explained that the iconography and the text of the panels “will be shared publicly with the rest of the territories of the State who wish to join this project, since there are Republican prisoners who have forcibly built hundreds of roads in all municipalities .

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