After enduring the worst school year of any student, second year of high schoolalways comes the time to pass the university entrance exams and make, perhaps, one of the most important decisions of their university life: choosing the career they want to study for the 4.5 or even next 6 years.
This decision can be influenced by various factors such as the vocationthe academic preferencesprestige or future projection. Regarding this last question, students tend to value the level of employability diploma and the possibility professional outings.
The careers offering the greatest job opportunities are those related to Technology. The market strongly values training in engineering computer Science, robotics, artificial or data engineering. These careers are among the most valued as they are considered the most promising due to the high level of digitization. Beyond the most promising professions, it is also important to take into account the diplomas which have a greater employabilitythese are mainly those related to the economythe Health or infrastructure and production.
In Spain, the race Medicine, Telecommunications, Dentistry, Electrical Engineering and ADE + Engineering of Industrial Techniques have an employability rate of 100%. Close behind are pharmacy with 99%, nursing with 98%, biochemistry and molecular biology, degree in industrial electronics and automatic engineering, English philology, techno-food or human nutrition and dietetics, all with 95%.
In careers like ADE, for example, in 2021, of all the job offers registered in Spain, one 4.5% of them belonged to this profession and of her, the 10.7% They needed a college degree. For their part, those who obtain a degree in Health Sciences they will have little difficulty finding a job, the unemployment rate in the sector is less than 8% and the vast majority, more than one 90% of graduates develop jobs in a position of an important qualification, such as graduates in Nursing or medicine. Faced with such positive data and the high salaries received in the sector, exceeding on average the €1,500statistics indicate at the same time, that the working conditions of health science employees are precarious; more … than 48% professionals in this branch carry out their professional activity under temporary contract or training.
The least employable occupations
Less fortunate and more difficult to find a job are careers related to arts, humanities and social sciences. Among the worst positions are careers such as journalism, political science, history or geography. In Spain, the unemployment rate for journalists is 11.3%that of the historians of 23.3% and in political science 12.9%.
[Así será la nueva Selectividad: la mitad de exámenes y una prueba de “madurez académica”]
Working conditions and job stability
Employability and wages do not behave in a directly proportional way in all cases. In sectors such as Artificial Intelligence or telecommunications, employability rate is of 23% but the salary conditions offered are very competitive. The sectors of Engineeringone of the most qualified and with the highest level of stability.
On the contrary, people whose careers show a lower level of employability are, on many occasions, those who have the most difficulty in achieving stable and quality conditions. For example, among arts and humanities graduates, five years after graduation, more than 63% charge less than €1,500. And among those who have a diploma in these sectors, more than 30% carry out a work activity that does not require university studies.
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