The Territorial Delegate of the Xunta in Ourense supervises the cleaning, cleaning and documentation works of the Monastery of San Xoán de Camba

The territorial delegate of the Xunta in Ourense, Gabriel Alén, went this morning to the town hall of Castro Caldelas to approach, accompanied by the mayor, Sara Inés Vega, the monastery of San Xoan de Cambacoinciding with the beginning of the clearing, cleaning and documentation work, to which the Ministry of Culture, National Education, Vocational Training and Universities, in collaboration with the town hall, allocates more than 15,000 euros.

The territorial delegate considered it necessary to carry out in this year 2022 clearing and cleaning works, under archaeological control, as well as a documentary and topographic recording, in order to promote its conservation and documentation for future valuation. of this resource which is a major tourist and heritage attraction.

Gabriel Alén explained that the work in progress consists of preparing a historical report on the former monastery of San Xoán de Camba, with a review of the bibliographic and documentary documentation in the archives and libraries.

– specified the territorial delegate – works of clearing, cleaning and removal of vegetation, waste and wood will also be undertaken, under archaeological control, from the historic site, both the walls and the interior of the main building of the former monastery and the annex rooms as well as the immediate environment in which it is located. The maximum area of ​​the field of action is approximately 3,000 square meters, subscribed to land belonging to the Diocese of Ourense. Likewise, the felling of trees that have a negative impact on the historic site and the pruning and/or reduction of existing trees in its surroundings will be carried out.

A perimeter fence will be erected in the main building of the former monastery. The closure will consist of treated wooden posts 2 meters high and 10 centimeters in diameter and a hunting fence 1.20/1.50 meters high.

An archaeological survey of the historic site and its immediate surroundings will be carried out to identify and determine its spatial configuration and its main elements, as well as an inventory of the existing architectural structures and the most significant historical-artistic elements (inscriptions, sculptural elements, etc.). .) will be done. .).

A topographic survey will also be carried out, by 3D photogrammetry and/or high precision laser scanning, of the historic site for its spatial documentation, with video and aerial photography (oblique and vertical) with general plans of the historic site and details of its elements. the most significant (church, monastic outbuildings…).

Finally, dissemination tasks will be carried out among the local community on the work carried out and on the values ​​of the place through a guided tour, once the action has been completed, and a technical report of the intervention in which the work carried out and its results are collected, to be presented at the end of the fieldwork.

The Monastery of San Xoán de Camba

The old monastery of San Xoán de Camba was for a long time an important abbey and a double royal monastery, with a community of men and another of women.. Its foundation dates back to the tenth century, by the work of Diego I, Bishop of Ourense. Of this primitive construction, only three pieces in granite in the light pre-Romanesque style have been preserved: a mullioned window and two reliefs (an adoration and a flagellation) preserved in the Archaeological Museum of Ourense.

The current church, from the 16th-18th centuries and which today functions as a parish church, preserves precious artistic pieces. Its large tower dates from 1779, although it also has a subterranean sacristy that is probably older. Several anthropoid tombs and 4th century coins of Constantine the Great were found inside, reflecting the centuries of history of this place.

To the south of the church, part of the outbuildings of the old monastery, now in ruins, has been preserved.

This heritage complex has the status of property belonging to the Catalog of Cultural Heritage of Galicia under article 30 of Law 5/2016, of Cultural Heritage of Galicia. It appears included in the Catalog of Cultural Goods of the Basic Autonomous Plan of Galicia, approved by Decree 83/2018, of July 26 (DOG no. 162, of 08.27.2018) with the code 31250 and also appears in the PGOM of the city Hall of Castro Caldelas.

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